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Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies

ABSTRACT Marginalised societies face a wide range of deprivations and constraints at individual, institutional, economic, and technological levels. To satisfy unmet or underserved needs of poor people living in these societies, it is essential to address all the relevant constraints in the target context through the design of integrated solutions. Many studies have explored the […]

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Design and Poverty: A Review of Contexts, Roles of Poor People, and Methods

ABSTRACT Design is essential to fulfil unmet or under-served needs of resource-poor societies, supporting their social and human development. A great deal of design research has been undertaken in such low resource settings, and is discussed under different names, such as ‘community development engineering’, ‘humanitarian engineering’, ‘appropriate technology’, ‘design for development’, ‘design at the Base […]

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Shaping products: Differences between expert and novice industrial designers

ABSTRACT The process of shaping a product’s visual appearance is crucial in determining consumer response. However, extant research on the nature of expertise in this process is scarce. Specifically, there is absence of studies investigating differences between how expert and novice industrial designers use information in this process. This research, using think aloud method, compared […]

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BTH PDRL at the DESIGN’18 conference – awards and more

A shiny Dubrovnik welcomed researchers and practitioners to the 15th International DESIGN conference. DESIGN is a biannual event organised by the Design Society, being a main forum to exchange experiences and lessons learned about engineering design from a variety of perspectives, disciplines, and fields. BTH PDRL received one of the 3 ‘outstanding contributions’ awards for […]

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Design and Frugal Innovations: Three roles of resource-poor people

ABSTRACT Design is imperative to satisfy needs of people in resource-limited societies. Many design studies have been carried out in the context of such societies in developing countries, and are discussed under names such as humanitarian engineering, frugal innovations, appropriate technology, design at the Base of the Pyramid, design for development, etc. In this paper, […]

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Design creativity: refined method for novelty assessment

ABSTRACT Novelty is an important characteristic of a creative idea, forming a core component of creativity. Measurement of novelty is therefore essential to assess creativity. We found deficiencies in a frequently cited method of novelty assessment found in the literature. We refine this method by proposing four modifications, supported by drawing on examples of products […]

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Intentions and Inspiration in Shaping Visual Appearance of Products: The Practice of Professional Industrial Designers in India

ABSTRACT Eliciting specific intentions and seeking inspiration are important activities in the process of shaping a product’s visual appearance. A survey of the professional industrial designers was conducted to identify intentions (e.g. attributes, emotions) that they attempt to elicit, and also to identify inspiration sources and their media that they prefer not only in generating […]

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Frugal Innovation for global sustainable development

‘Frugal’ means making things simpler, in such a way that they are adapted to the local circumstances, or adapted to a resource constrained environment. Frugal innovations can be placed on the junction of affordability and good enough quality, while still having basic functionality.

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Material selection: A qualitative case study of five design consultancies

ABSTRACT This qualitative case study aims at understanding when and how industrial designers, working in design consultancies, engage in activities that will influence material selection in the design process. While the extant literature presents material selection processes as a sequence of activities aimed at finding candidate materials, there is paucity of research on material criteria […]

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