A Framework to Address Complexity and Changeability in the Design of Circular Product-Service Systems
The design of a circular PSS solution goes beyond the traditional perspective of circular product design encompassing multiple complexity dimensions that need to be considered and addressed in the early stages of design. The paper provides a literature-based outlook on the levels of complexity to be faced when making decisions in early PSS design by positioning the concept of changeability inherited from the systems engineering literature into the context of the design of circular PSS. The paper ultimately stresses the need to consider the changeability of PSS as a relevant dimension in the assessment of its circularity potential. It does so by proposing a framework for the design of circular PSS solutions, summarizing the main design strategies and approaches currently described in the literature to mitigate the uncertainties generated by PSS complexity.
Changeability, Product-service systems, Complexity, Circularity
Bertoni, A., Machchhar, R.J. (2022). A Framework to Address Complexity and Changeability in the Design of Circular Product-Service Systems. In: Kim, D.Y., von Cieminski, G., Romero, D. (eds) Advances in Production Management Systems. Smart Manufacturing and Logistics Systems: Turning Ideas into Action. APMS 2022. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol 664. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16411-8_3