Frugal-IDeM: An Integrated Methodology for Designing Frugal Innovations in Low-Resource Settings
People living in low-resource settings at the base of the world income pyramid (i.e. Base of the Pyramid — BOP) face several constraints. To satisfy their unmet needs, integrated frugal innovations are necessary. Several studies, discussed using many names such as ‘design for Base of the Pyramid’, ‘design for development’, ‘product service systems’, ‘frugal innovations’, ‘humanitarian engineering’, ‘appropriate technology’, etc., have explored the design of such integrated frugal innovations for the BOP. Based on ten key design aspects, gleaned from such studies, this paper aims at developing an Integrated Design Methodology for designing frugal innovations for the BOP (Frugal-IDeM). We have related the key design aspects with the various phases in the design and development process. The Frugal-IDeM also includes recommendationsfor how to implement the key design aspects.
Design process, Integrated Design, Product Service Systems, Base of the Pyramid, Frugal Innovations, Low-Resource Settings
Jagtap, S. (2021) Frugal-IDeM: An Integrated Methodology for Designing Frugal Innovations in Low-Resource Settings. International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, IIT Bombay, 7-9 january