Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies
Marginalised societies face a wide range of deprivations and constraints at individual, institutional, economic, and technological levels. To satisfy unmet or underserved needs of poor people living in these societies, it is essential to address all the relevant constraints in the target context through the design of integrated solutions. Many studies have explored the design of integrated solutions for these societies using approaches and concepts such as holistic design for low-resource settings, Base of the Pyramid, product service systems, subsistence marketplaces, etc. We perform a systematic review of a broad range of literature on integrated design solutions for marginalised societies, gleaning ten guidelines to support design practice in this field. The derived guidelines cover different phases of the design process and life cycle stages of the solution. Each guideline is supported by findings of several studies. We have also included a detailed, illustrative example for each guideline. Additionally, the review allowed us to offer recommendations for how to use each of the ten guidelines. Finally, we discuss the guidelines relating them to constraints in marginalised societies and unfamiliarity of practitioners about these societies.
Design guidelines, Design process, Integrated solutions, Life cycle phases, Marginalised societies, Product service systems, Life cycle, Base of the pyramids, Integrated designs, Low-resource settings, Product-service systems, Technological level, Product design
Jagtap, S. (2019). Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies. Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 219, p. 148-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.340